All About Prediabetes
This educational content related to prediabetes was created in partnership with ADCES, a founding partner of Beyond Type 2.
What is Prediabetes?
The rate of people with prediabetes has been increasing sharply for many years in the United States and across the globe.
The Center for Disease Control offers the following statistics about prediabetes:
- 96 million people aged 18 years or older have prediabetes—38 percent of the US adult population.
- 26.4 million people aged 65 years or older have prediabetes.
- 85 percent of people with prediabetes do not know they have it.
- 37.3 million people have type 2 diabetes, but 8.5 million of these people do not know they have it.
A 2012 study projected that more than 470 million people worldwide will have prediabetes by 2030.
People with prediabetes are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Screening for Prediabetes:
Prediabetes can be determined using your A1C, measuring your fasting blood sugar, or through an oral glucose tolerance test. Each test uses a specific range to determine if your blood sugar levels are high enough to qualify for a diagnosis of prediabetes.
A1C: Measures your average blood sugar over the previous three months.
- Prediabetes range: 5.7 to 6.4 percent
Fasting Blood Sugar: Your blood sugar sample after fasting overnight or after at least eight hours.
- Prediabetes range: 5.5 to 6.9 mmol/L100 to 125 mg/dL
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: It is used to diagnose gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes. You drink a sweet drink and then your blood sugar is tested two hours later.
- Prediabetes range: 7.8 mmol/L140 mg/dL to 11.1 mmol/L199 mg/dL
Learn about Managing Prediabetes:
Diagnosed with prediabetes? You are not alone. While a prediabetes diagnosis can be overwhelming and worrying, you have the power to make the lifestyle changes to return your blood glucose levels back to normal.
Use these resources on how to manage prediabetes to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes, including information about the link between polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and diabetes, the National Diabetes Prevention Program and healthy cooking.