CGM: Continuous Glucose Monitor
Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) are tools used to measure glucose levels on an ongoing basis. They give information such as trends in your blood sugar and frequency of high and low blood sugar. CGMs help remove the guesswork of what impacts blood sugar. These devices are currently available from manufacturers: Abbott, Dexcom, Eversense, and Medtronic. For people with Type 2 diabetes, especially those on insulin, CGMs can be a major step to consistent glucose monitoring.
What is a CGM and How Does It Work?
A CGM is a small wearable device that tracks your glucose throughout the day and night. The sensor communicates wirelessly with a receiver or smartphone. Some continuous glucose monitors notify you of your high and low glucose readings. Typically, they automatically check your glucose levels at least every 5 minutes. They measure interstitial fluid (ISF), a thin layer of fluid that surrounds the cells of the tissues below your skin, instead of glucose directly from your blood.
A CGM consists of three basic parts:
- Receiver (or smartphone): A device where you can check your current glucose level, look at past data, and view your glucose trends and patterns. This may be an app on your smartphone or a separate device.
- Sensor: The device that measures glucose. It contains a very thin wire that is inserted under the skin. It’s typically painless to wear and remains in the skin for several days. Users wear them on the stomach and the back of the arms or legs, or according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Transmitter: Some CGM systems, like Dexcom, also have a small piece that fits onto the sensor. This reusable transmitter sends glucose data wirelessly to your display device.
For example, Abbott’s FreeStyle Libre 14-day system has a painless and water-resistant sensor worn on the back of the upper arm. The sensor measures glucose every minute. The handheld reader included with the system is used to “scan” the sensor. The scan provides current glucose readings, as well as an 8-hour glucose history, trends, and the direction your glucose is likely to be heading. Declared as the longest-lasting self-applied sensor on the market, one FreeStyle Libre 14-day sensor can be worn for up to 14 days.
To learn more about the differences between blood glucose readings and sensor readings, watch the video by FreeStyle Libre system below.
The Benefits of Using a CGM
Pricking your fingers several times per day can feel like a chore. Here are some benefits to using a CGM to prick your fingers less and understand your glucose levels better.
|Improved Glycemic Control||
|Notifications for High and Low Blood Sugar||
|Diabetes Data Management Software||
Continuous glucose monitors are meant to stick to your skin. If the adhesive is coming off, follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how to replace it. You can also ask the manufacturer to purchase adhesive wipes to ensure the long-lasting wear of your device. Avoid placing your CGM at spots where your body naturally bends or where clothing might cause irritation.
How Do I Get a CGM?
CGMs require a prescription. Talk to your doctor about your device options and decide together which might be best for you. Check what brands are covered under your insurance plan (including patients on Medicaid and Medicare). For example, Dexcom’s CGMs are covered by Medicare. Abbott’s FreesStyle Libre is also covered by Medicare for those who qualify. To receive a CGM under Medicare or Medicaid, please contact your local state health exchange to check your eligibility.
Check to see if your preferred CGM brand offers a complimentary prescription retrieval service. FreeStyle Libre’s prescription retrieval service informs your healthcare professional about the FreeStyle Libre 14-day system. They request a prescription directly from your healthcare provider and notify you when your prescription has been sent to your pharmacy.