Insulin for People with Type 2 Diabetes


Insulin for People with Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. It helps your body use glucose for energy by transferring it to the body’s cells.

In people with Type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin effectively, otherwise known as insulin resistance. After a while, the pancreas will be unable to produce the amount of insulin needed to transfer glucose out of the blood. As a result, glucose in the blood increases and diabetes occurs.

After being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, providers may initially prescribe metformin along with recommended changes to eating patterns and exercise habits. However, because Type 2 diabetes is a progressive chronic illness, insulin may be introduced to manage glucose levels. It’s important to note that starting insulin is never the fault of the patient with T2D and that this treatment is to help improve or maintain a high quality of life. Beginning an insulin regimen to manage or improve diabetes care does not mean one has “failed” at diabetes management.

Advances in diabetes research and technology have brought forth various kinds of insulins, including long-acting and rapid-acting insulins, and ways to administer insulin such as using pumps and smartpens. Check out the resources below to learn more about insulin and how it’s used to manage Type 2 diabetes.

Insulin Resources for Type 2 Diabetes Management:

Syringes vs. Pens vs. Smart Pens: Pros and Cons

Need a quick breakdown of the pros + cons of syringes, insulin pens, and a smart pen? Learn which insulin delivery method may work for you.MORE

Trusting Myself with Insulin

Former pro wrestler, Dan Denton, shares when he first started taking insulin and how he's learned to trust himself with it to manage T2D.MORE

No Shame in Using Insulin

Insulin stigma in T2D care is real and cause people with Type 2 to feel like they're failing at managing it. Joseph Martin shares why that doesn't have to be the case. MORE

Insulin & Temperature: Why It’s Really Important

Insulin is very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures. Even an hour in a hot car can spoil your insulin. Learn how to keep it safe...MORE

How to Calculate Insulin Dosing for Meals

Taking insulin before meals? Learn how to calculate how much you need before eating using these easy tips. MORE

New to Basal Insulin? Start Here!

Basal insulin works like a base regardless of the food that is consumed and helps regulate bloodsugars. Learn more in our guide to manage T2D.MORE

Take Insulin? 4 Things You Need to Know Before Your Next Low Blood Sugar

For everyone who doses insulin, low blood sugar (also called hypoglycemia) is the most immediate and severe possible side effect. MORE

The Type 2 Diabetes Guide to Bolus Insulin

Bolus insulin can help prevent glucose spikes after meals or correct for high blood sugar. Learn more in our guide to manage T2D.MORE

Ask a DCES: Why Should I Change My Insulin Injection Sites?

Why should you change your insulin injection sites? Get your answer in our new Ask a DCES column! MORE

How Insulin Works

Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate your glucose levels. But it has other functions to help maintain your health. Read how insulin works. MORE

Do I Need Insulin?

Did you know that the amount of insulin produced by your pancreas is limited? When should you begin using insulin as part of your treatment? Find some good advice and orientation here. MORE

Insulin Pumps for Type 2 Diabetes

What about insulin pumps with Type 2 diabetes?MORE

Making the Switch: From Oral Medications to Insulin

People with Type 2 diabetes have a choice in the treatment of their condition, and truly understanding available treatment options is extremely pertinent.MORE

MDI vs Insulin Pumps in Type 2 Diabetes

People with Type 2 diabetes have a choice in the treatment of their condition, and understanding any and all options is a vital first step in proper diabetes management.MORE

The Type 2 Guide to Insulin

Understanding the body's relationship with insulin is a crucial part of diabetes education.MORE

How to Give an Insulin Injection

We all grew up with some dread about those occasional visits to the doctor — and usually, it was that fear of getting a shot. Now that you’re the one commissioned to give the shot, we know you may...MORE

Insulin Delivery Methods

There are quite a few different ways to deliver insulin, each with pros and cons, and it is up to the person with diabetes and his or her doctor to decide what will work best.MORE


Additional Resources and Patient Stories

Insulin Stigma in the T2D Community

Insulin stigma in the T2D community is real and negatively impacts diabetes self-care and management. Read how it hurts people with T2D. MORE

Pump Access and Type 2 Diabetes

A person with Type 2 diabetes may eventually require insulin to manage glucose levels. Wearing an insulin pump can make that transition easier and simplify living with diabetes. Learn about pump acces...MORE

What to Know About the 2021 Standards of Care for T2D

It's important to know which guidelines doctors follow to develop your treatment plans. Here's what to know about the 2021 Standards of Care.MORE

When Medications are Prescribed for T2D Management

Doctors follow a set of protocols to determine when to recommend medications to T2D patients. Learn when they're likely to prescribe them.MORE

10 Misconceptions about Type 2 Diabetes

There are many things people get wrong about Type 2 diabetes. Here are 10 misconceptions about diabetes. MORE

The Impact of Insulin Rationing on Mental Health

Insulin rationing is an unfortunate reality for people with diabetes and the burden on mental health is something people with diabetes shouldn't have to bear. MORE

Hypoglycemia Awareness and Type 2 Diabetes

High blood sugar isn't the only thing people with diabetes need to watch out for, but low blood sugar, too. Boost your awareness about hypoglycemia here!MORE

Research Shows Fridges Might Be Destroying Insulin

A 16-month study has shown that 79% of insulin is kept at temperatures outside of the recommended range. Insulin stored in the fridge is at a much higher risk. MORE

Discounts on Insulin

With insulin prices skyrocketing in the US, it’s become challenging for many to afford the life-saving medicine. Prescription Assistance Programs can help though. These programs are intended to ...MORE

Educational content related to insulin use and insulin logging methods for Type 2 diabetes is made possible with support from Lilly Diabetes.